In the UAE, an expatriate can set up a new entity or buy shares of an existing entity in accordance with Article 2 of the Companies Law.
It is not mandatory for you to be physically present in the UAE to set up a legal entity or invest in any existing legal entity or make any other form of investment. You can issue a notarised and legalised power of attorney to any person of your choice who is present or will be present in the UAE, to act on your behalf.
Alternatively, you can come to UAE on a visit or tourist visa to complete the relevant procedures for incorporation of an entity or invest in any existing entity in the UAE.
If you wish to be just a shareholder/partner in an entity in the UAE there is no requirement for you to have a UAE resident visa. However, if you are a shareholder/partner and a manager of an entity in the UAE, then you should hold a valid UAE residency visa and UAE resident identity card for undertaking a transaction with any banks in the UAE where the entity will open and operate its bank account and to represent and transact in the name of the entity with any local and federal authorities in the UAE.
If you intend to only be a shareholder/partner in an entity and not be its manager then you may consider appointing a manager of the entity by issuing a power of attorney to such an individual to manage your proposed business in the UAE. The manager shall require a valid UAE residency visa and UAE resident identity card.
It is recommended that you seek further legal advice on this matter from a counsel based in the UAE.
-Report from Kahleej Times-